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Orgues de la collégiale Saint-Ursanne

Jacques Besançon 1776
Restauration: Atelier Bertrand Cattiaux 2004



St-Ursanne Disposition II/P 26
           
II Grand-Orgue 51n. (c1-d5) I Positif 51n. (c1-d5) Pédale 13 n. (c1-c2)
           
Montre 8' Bourdon 8' Flûte 16'
Gros Bourdon 8' Montre 4' Flûte 8'
Prestant 4' Flûte 4' Prestant 4'
Flûte 4' Nazard 2 2/3' Trompette 8' *
Petit Bourdon 4' Doublette 2' Clairon 4' *
Nazard 2 2/3' * Tierce 1 3/5'    
Doublette 2' * Fourniture III rgs    
Tierce 1 3/5' * Cromorne 8' *    
Fourniture III rgs        
Cymbale III rgs *        
Grand Cornet V rgs *     * J.Waltrin 1704
Trompette 8' *     *J.B. Waltrin 1749
Voix humaine 8' *     *B. Cattiaux 2004
           
           
           
           

Tremulant mild and strong
Shift coupler: Positif / Grand-Orgue
French pedal
A 415 Hz, "Besançon" temperament by Silbermann

History

The first organ was build in 1620 by the swiss Thomas Schott. In 1703 Joseph Waltrin worked on the organ and in 1739 his son Jean-Baptiste Waltrin who lived in St. Ursanne made a restauration in collaboration with Philippe Hartmann. They brought the keyboards from 41 to 45 keys and added a Cornet on the great in 1750.

Jean-Jacques Besançon, a former employee of J-B Waltrin was asked to build a new organ in a new case. The aesthetic of this case is clearly inspired by J-A Silbermann. The organ was acheived in 1776 using very few pipes from the previous instrument.

Tschaun removed the reeds and the Cymbale from the great.

During a first restauration in 1984 Hans-Jakob Füglister rebuild the three wedge-bellows and added the missing reeds which were not based on historical models

The restauration of 2004

The work of the Atelier Bertrand Cattiaux consisted in the restauration of the windchests including a treatment against mould as well as the reconstruction of the manuels, pedal, pedal-action, the recreation of the Cymbale based on the Fourniture and the buiding of the reeds this time based on the Alsatian models of Dubois and Besançon. The voicing was made by Bertrand Cattiaux and Itaru Sekiguchi.

Furher information

A complete history about the organ can be found at:
" TribunesBaroques " as well as a video documentary of 42 minutes about the restauration on the site http://www.passion-video.ch/

The actual organist is Gabriel Wolfer.